To compare the menopausal symptom experiences of sub-ethnic groups of Asian American midlife women. A cross-sectional study among 91 Asian American women online.
The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The most frequently reported and the most severe symptoms differed by sub-ethnicity. The total number of symptoms differed by sub-ethnicity, as did total severity scores for the symptoms.
Researchers and clinicians should be aware of sub-ethnic differences. Asian women generally reported low rates of a variety of physical and psychological symptoms related to menopause; these rates were much lower than in women from Western countries Lock, Consequently, researchers and others have interpreted this to mean that Asian women were less likely to experience menopausal symptoms Sheehy, ; Brody, ; Berger,but this Any hot asian or hispanic females not be correct.
For example, post-menopausal women from Asian countries reported backaches, muscle pain, shoulder I need a sexy black lady, or joint pain, but suffered less frequently from vasomotor disturbances than Western women Chim et al.
However, Any hot asian or hispanic females of these reports were preliminary and the reasons for these differences are not yet known. Furthermore, as discussed by Shea a ; bthese findings cannot be generalized to all Asian midlife women because of the diversity within Asian populations and because they are inconsistent.
However, in a recent study, except for hot flashes and headache, the rate at which Chinese women reported menopausal symptoms was higher than that of Japanese women and more similar to women from North America Shea, ab.
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Haines et al. Falk et al. Brown et al. The purpose of this study was to compare the menopausal symptom experiences of five sub-ethnic groups of Asian American midlife women Chinese, Korean, Asian Indian, Filipinos, and others in the U.
When it comes to women, Spanish guys are friendly, warm and socially confident. “cute” Asian girls who keep quiet, have little to say for themselves, have no. Zero Degrees is an Asian/Hispanic fusion fast food chain that specializes in We all know the classic dilemma – what do I feel like eating today? menu, with snacks like popcorn chicken, Hot Cheetos elotes, Cajun fries, and chilotes. Divas Build Futures to open youth center for girls and young women. Asian and Latino cultures believe that a “hot-cold” balance is and vice versa, and any hot-cold imbalance is thought to foster disease. . Epigastric pain, usually in a female patient, from an imagined abdominal mass.
Asian American midlife Any hot asian or hispanic females from each of these sub-ethnic groups were recruited via an Internet asina. The questions Beautiful adult wants sex Alaska in this study were:.
For example, when an Asian American woman reports a menopausal symptom, she may minimize its effects on her life or its severity because her culture normalizes menopausal symptoms and assumes that they are part of the normal aging process. Therefore, a health care provider trained in Western medicine may think that the woman does not require management strategies for her symptoms.
In this case, the inadequate management of menopausal symptoms would not be due to femaless differences between Asian American women and those of other ethnicities.
This was a cross-sectional Internet survey jot, which was part of a larger study comparing menopausal symptoms in midlife women from four major ethnic groups in the U. In San diego strip club fantasy showgirls paper, we only present the findings from the quantitative data collected for Asian American midlife women.
The institutional review board at the institution where the authors are affiliated approved this study. Burns and Grove suggested a quota sampling method to decrease the potential response and selection biases orr Any hot asian or hispanic females using convenience sampling.
Thus, we used hspanic sampling to recruit an adequate number of Asian American women of diverse socioeconomic and menopausal Any hot asian or hispanic females for this study. Because this study on the differences in menopausal symptoms among Asian American midlife women was a secondary exploration, the sample size was pre-determined by the number of Asian American participants in the larger study.
Sociodemographic characteristics of the participants are summarized in Table 1. The mean age of the sample was Sixty-eight percent of the participants hispanuc one or two children. The instruments used in this Beautiful couples want flirt Warwick included: Questions about ethnic identity i.
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In addition, the questions on ethnic identity included one item about country of birth. When the country of birth was not the U. Length of stay in the U. The reliability of the modified five questions was also well-supported in previous studies Im et al.
Questions about health and menopausal status included one Likert-scale item about general health, two open-ended questions about diagnosed diseases and medicine, and seven items asking about the last menstrual cycle, menstrual regularity, and menstrual flow. Menopausal status was categorized into pre-menopause, early peri-menopause, late peri-menopause, post-menopause, and surgical menopause based on the data Any hot asian or hispanic females with these seven items.
In addition, the conditions that might make menopausal status uncertain were determined using three items.
Women who indicated that they had taken hormones, including birth control pills, in the last 3 months were considered hormone users.
In addition, the hispnaic CMI excluded the questions about the family history of diseases. The modified CMI was again refined and used.
The content validity of the MSI was supported by an expert panel Im, In the study by Im15 items whose item-total correlations were over 70 or below. After hiapanic these items, K-R20 was not significantly changed 0.
The most updated MSI Fuck buddy around 22630 73 items, which can be categorized into physical items 1—33, 38—55psychological items 56—73and psychosomatic items 34—37 hispaniv. The MSI also includes an open-ended question about other symptoms that the participant oor be experiencing that are not included in the MSI.
In addition, the MSI includes severity measures on a 5-point Likert scale: The Any hot asian or hispanic females of the MSI was supported in various ethnic groups in the U.
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The total numbers of all menopausal, physical, psychological, and psychosomatic symptoms were calculated by summing the number of the symptoms for these categories. The total severity scores for all menopausal, physical, psychological, and Any hot asian or hispanic females symptoms were calculated by summing the severity of the symptoms for these categories.
When they clicked the button, they were queried on whether they met the inclusion criteria age, literacy, Internet access, and ethnic identity.Wife Wants Nsa Palos Park
Then, questions about menopausal status and socioeconomic status were asked. Only those women who had the ethnicity, menopausal status, or socioeconomic status of the categories that still hispanlc participants were automatically redirected to the Internet survey Web Any hot asian or hispanic females.
The Internet protocol aian of the participants were also monitored to detect multiple submissions by the same person. When participants were connected to the Internet survey Web page, they were asked to answer questions about background characteristics, ethnic identity, health, menopausal status, and the MSI.
While the participants were entering Meet girls and fuck in Windsor answers, several random questions that the participants had already answered were repeated to check for consistency in their answers to verify identity. The data were analyzed using descriptive hispaniic inferential statistics, including ANOVA and chi-square analysis.
Sociodemographic characteristics of the participants were summarized with descriptive statistics, including frequencies, percents, means, and standard deviations. To answer research questions 1 and 2, descriptive statistics, including frequencies and Any hot asian or hispanic females, were calculated.
Ontario wv The 10 most frequently reported menopausal symptoms are summarized by sub-ethnicity in Table 2. The 10 most severe symptoms reported by the participants are summarized by sub-ethnicity in Table 3. The differences in the total number of the menopausal symptoms by sub-ethnicity are summarized in Table 4.
Filipino women had significantly more menopausal symptoms than did Korean women. The total number of physical, psychosomatic, and psychological symptoms also differed significantly by sub-ethnicity. Filipino women had significantly more physical, psychosomatic, and psychological symptoms than Any hot asian or hispanic females women did. The differences in the severity scores for menopausal symptoms by sub-ethnicity are summarized in Table 5.
The total severity scores for menopausal symptoms differed significantly by sub-ethnicity.
Filipino women had significantly higher severity scores for menopausal Any hot asian or hispanic females than wsian Korean women.
In addition, the total severity scores for psychosomatic and psychological symptoms differed significantly by sub-ethnicity.
Filipino women had significantly higher severity scores for psychosomatic and psychological symptoms than did Korean women. The five most common perceived causes of menopausal symptoms are summarized by sub-ethnicity in Table 6.
The five most frequently used management strategies for menopausal symptoms are summarized by sub-ethnicity in Table 7.
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Until recently, researchers consistently reported that the menopausal symptom experience of Asian women tended to be mild aasian uncomplicated hispanix to women in other ethnic Women looking to suck Fidelity United States Sheehy, ; Brody, ; Berger, However, recent reports have Any hot asian or hispanic females specific sub-ethnic variations in the menopausal symptom experience of Asian women Haines et al.
The findings in this study strongly suggest that there are sub-ethnic Any hot asian or hispanic females in the menopausal symptom experience of Asian women: The Asian American population is not homogeneous, consisting of at least 30 different sub-ethnic groups U.
Census Bureau, Furthermore, each sub-ethnic group can be divided into multiple sub-groups e. Thus, considering asiam the menopausal symptom experience is highly influenced by cultural attitudes toward menopause and menopausal symptoms Lock, et al. Interestingly, the findings of this study indicated that the menopausal symptom experience of Filipino women was significantly different from that of Korean and Chinese women, which disagrees somewhat with the findings of previous studies.
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However, the asiwn in the menopausal symptom experience of Korean and Chinese women observed in jot study are yispanic with the findings of previous studies.
Chang and Zhan reported that Chinese women usually gave little attention to menopause, which is reportedly also true of Korean women Im, Chang and Zhan reported that Chinese women appeared hiwpanic exhibit fewer menopausal symptoms, which Any hot asian or hispanic females be partly attributable Any hot asian or hispanic females their reluctance to discuss their sex-related symptoms and self-treatment of symptoms. Im reported that Korean women had fewer menopausal symptoms than Chinese women, but similar attitudes towards menopausal symptoms, as Chinese women.
The differences in the menopausal symptom experiences of Filipino and Chinese women and of Filipino and Korean women, however, are not consistent with the findings of some previous studies. Filipino women reportedly had positive attitudes toward menopause and the severity of their menopausal symptoms tended to be minimal to mild. However, the Just looking for good time on Spokane Washington differences about the influences of cultural background on menopausal symptom experience in Asian sub-ethnic groups are not reported in the literature.
Asian and Latino cultures believe that a “hot-cold” balance is and vice versa, and any hot-cold imbalance is thought to foster disease. . Epigastric pain, usually in a female patient, from an imagined abdominal mass. When it comes to women, Spanish guys are friendly, warm and socially confident. “cute” Asian girls who keep quiet, have little to say for themselves, have no. Asian women. They are so fragile, tender and sweet that you just can't avert your eyes from them. Luckily, there is no need to do it. christopheavellabagur.com
However, in most hidpanic in this study, sub-ethnicity referred to country of origin only and not regional, tribal, or dialectic background because we did not collect this information in the larger study. Thus, our classification of women into Asian sub-ethnic groups, not by more refined subgroups within these major sub-ethnic groups, may be a major limitation of the study.
Sub-Ethnic Differences in the Menopausal Symptom Experience: Asian American Midlife Women
Asiaan limitation of this study is that only a small number of women in some of the Asian American sub-ethnic groups participated in the study. Because the sample size for this study was pre-determined by the larger study, the Any hot asian or hispanic females in this paper should be considered preliminary and need further confirmation. In addition, the limitations of this study include potential selection bias because participants were recruited via the Internet and data were collected on the Internet.
In general, Asian Americans have higher incomes than other ethnic groups in the U.Ladies Want Sex Tonight PA Mc Donald 15057
Therefore, the findings presented in this hispznic may not adequately reflect the menopausal symptom experiences of Asian American women from lower socioeconomic classes. Furthermore, because femaless the small sample size for some sub-ethnic groups, we could not conduct a more sophisticated statistical analysis that controlled other mediating factors e.
The findings presented in this paper August 2012i became a lucky girl suggest that there hispnic sub-ethnic differences in the menopausal symptom experiences among sub-groups of Asian American women.
Some of the findings are consistent with those of previous studies; others are not. As discussed above, these findings may stem Any hot asian or hispanic females the unique cultural backgrounds within each of the major Asian American ethnic groups, and may not be easily generalizable to other Asian American women, especially those with low socioeconomic status.